الخسوف

في ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺧﺴﻔﺖ اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﺬﻛﺮﺕ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻓﺨﻄﺐ اﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻓﺄﺛﻨﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ: ” ﺇﻥ اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭاﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﺁﻳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻻ ﻳﺨﺴﻔﺎﻥ ﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻭﻻ ﻟﺤﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﻓﺈﺫا ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻤﻮﻫﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻓﺰﻋﻮا ﺇﻟﻰ اﻟﺼﻼﺓ “.

ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ:”ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﻲ ﻫﺬا ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲء ﻭﻋﺪﺗﻢ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻨﻲ ﺁﺧﺬ ﻗﻄﻌﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻤﻮﻧﻲ ﺃﻗﺪﻡ ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻳﺤﻄﻢ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻤﻮﻧﻲ ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ “.

ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﻦ ﻭاﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﻟﻠﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻝ: اﻧﺨﺴﻔﺖ اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﺬﻛﺮ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ: “ﺇﻥ اﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭاﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﺁﻳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺨﺴﻔﺎﻥ ﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻭﻻ ﻟﺤﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﻓﺈﺫا ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﺎﺫﻛﺮﻭا اﻟﻠﻪ “. ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮا ﻳﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﻚ ﺛﻢ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎﻙ ﺗﻜﻌﻜﻌﺖ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ:”ﺇﻧﻲ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭﺗﻨﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﻋﻨﻘﻮﺩا ﻭﻟﻮ ﺃﺻﺒﺘﻪ ﻷﻛﻠﺘﻢ

ﻭﻓﻲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ اﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﺑﻨﺖ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻼﺓ اﻟﺨﺴﻮﻑ ﻗﺎﻝ: ” ﻗﺪ ﺩﻧﺖ ﻣﻨﻲ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﻮ اﺟﺘﺮﺃﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﺠﺌﺘﻜﻢ ﺑﻘﻄﺎﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻄﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﻭﺩﻧﺖ ﻣﻨﻲ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻗﻠﺖ ﺃﻱ ﺭﺏ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻓﺈﺫا اﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﺣﺴﺒﺖ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﺨﺪﺷﻬﺎ ﻫﺮﺓ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺄﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﺣﺒﺴﺘﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﺗﺖ ﺟﻮﻋﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻃﻌﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻻ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻞ”.

ﻭﻓﻲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻟﻘﺼﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ: ” ﻋﺮﺿﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲء ﺗﻮﻟﺠﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻄﻔﺎ ﻓﻘﺼﺮﺕ ﻳﺪﻱ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻋﺮﺿﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﺃﻳﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻨﻲ ﺇﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﺗﻌﺬﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺮﺓ ﻟﻬﺎ “. ﻭﺫﻛﺮ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ.

ﻭﻓﻲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ “ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء ﺗﻮﻋﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻗﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻼﺗﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﻲء ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻤﻮﻧﻲ ﺗﺄﺧﺮﺕ ﻣﺨﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﻴﺒﻨﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻔﺤﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ اﻟﻤﺤﺠﻦ ﻳﺠﺮ ﻗﺼﺒﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﺮﻕ اﻟﺤﺎﺝ ﺑﻤﺤﺠﻨﻪ ﻓﺈﺫا ﻓﻄﻦ ﻟﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻤﺤﺠﻨﻲ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻏﻔﻞ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺫﻫﺐ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺔ اﻟﻬﺮﺓ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺭﺑﻄﺘﻬﺎ ﻓﻠﻢ ﺗﻄﻌﻤﻬﺎ ﻭﻟﻢ ﺗﺪﻋﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺸﺎﺵ اﻷﺭﺽ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﺗﺖ ﺟﻮﻋﺎ ﺛﻢ ﺟﻲء ﺑﺎﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻜﻢ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻤﻮﻧﻲ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﺖ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻗﻤﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﻲ ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﺪﺩﺕ ﻳﺪﻱ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﺭﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﻟﺘﻨﻈﺮﻭا ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺛﻢ ﺑﺪا ﻟﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺃﻓﻌﻞ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء ﺗﻮﻋﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻗﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻼﺗﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ”.

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