Jeddah in 1918

During World War I, Sharif Hussein bin Ali declared a revolt against the Ottoman Empire, seeking independence from the Ottoman Turks and the creation of a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.

King Hussein declared the Kingdom of Hejaz. Later, Hussein was involved in war with Ibn Saud, who was the Sultan of Nejd. Hussein abdicated following the fall of Mecca, in December 1924, and his son Ali bin Hussein became the new king.

King Abdulaziz sitting with Abdullah Ali Reda on the day he entered Jeddah in 1925

A few months later, Ibn Saud, whose clan originated in the central Nejd province, conquered Medina and Jeddah via an agreement with Jeddans following the Second Battle of Jeddah. He deposed Ali bin Hussein, who fled to Baghdad, eventually settling in Amman, Jordan, where his descendants became part of its Hashemite royalty.

As a result, Jeddah came under the sway of the Al-Saud dynasty in December 1925. In 1926, Ibn Saud added the title King of Hejaz to his position of Sultan of Nejd. Today, Jeddah has lost its historical role in peninsular politics after Jeddah fell within the new province of Makkah, whose provincial capital is the city of Mecca.

Pictures Source: The French Archive.

Information: Wikipedia

Jeddah in the early 19th century

 

The Hashemite Kingdom

Mohammed Abu Zenada, one of the Chiefs of Jeddah and the advisor to the Sharif during the surrender to King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud in 1925

In World War I, Sharif Hussein bin Ali confirmed a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire, seeking independence from the Ottoman Turks and the creation of a single unified Arab state straddling from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.

King Hussein soon took over the Kingdom of Hejaz and later on, Hussein was involved in war with Ibn Saud, who was the Sultan of Nejd. Moreover, in December 1924 following the fall of Mecca, Hussein resigned and his son Ali bin Hussein became the new king.