ماذا يحصل في القبر

في اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ: ” ﺃﻥ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺇﺫا ﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻘﻌﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﺪاﺓ ﻭاﻟﻌﺸﻲ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﻫﺬا ﻣﻘﻌﺪﻙ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺒﻌﺜﻚ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﻮﻡ اﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ”.

ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﻨﺪ ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ اﻟﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻭاﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ اﻟﺒﺮاء اﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺯﺏ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﺟﻨﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺟﻨﺎﺯﺓ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻓﺬﻛﺮ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﻄﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﻓﻴﻪ “ﻓﻴﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﻣﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء ﺃﻥ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻋﺒﺪﻱ ﻓﺄﻓﺮﺷﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﻟﺒﺴﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭاﻓﺘﺤﻮا ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ, ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﻴﺄﺗﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﻬﺎ ﻭﻃﻴﺒﻬﺎ ” ﻭﺫﻛﺮ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ.

ﻭﻓﻲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻋﻮاﻧﺔ اﻻﺳﻔﺮاﻳﻨﻲ ﻭﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺩاﻭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ اﻟﺒﺮاء ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺯﺏ اﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﺾ اﻟﺮﻭﺡ “ﺛﻢ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻭﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﻫﺬا ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻚ ﻟﻮ ﻋﺼﻴﺖ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺃﺑﺪﻟﻚ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺬا ﻓﺈﺫا ﺭﺃﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺏ ﻋﺠﻞ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ اﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﻴﻤﺎ ﺃﺭﺟﻊ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻫﻠﻲ ﻭﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﺳﻜﻦ”.

ﻭﻓﻲ ﻣﺴﻨﺪ اﻟﺒﺰاﺭ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺷﻬﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺟﻨﺎﺯﺓ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ:” ﺃﻳﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻷﻣﺔ ﺗﺒﺘﻠﻰ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺒﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻓﺈﺫا ﺩﻓﻦ اﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﺗﻔﺮﻕ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺟﺎءﻩ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻓﻲ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻄﺮاﻕ ﻓﺄﻗﻌﺪﻩ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪا ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺆﻣﻨﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪا ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ ﺛﻢ ﻳﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ اﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻫﺬا ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻚ ﻟﻮ ﻛﻔﺮﺕ ﺑﺮﺑﻚ ﻓﺄﻣﺎ ﺇﺫا ﺁﻣﻨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻬﺬا ﻣﻨﺰﻟﻚ ﻓﻴﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺇﻟﻰ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻓﻴﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻬﺾ ﺇﻟﻰ اﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ اﺳﻜﻦ “. ﻭﺫﻛﺮ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ